Adoption and Intensity of use of Modern Beehives in Wag Himra and North Wollo Zones, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Asmiro Abeje Fikadu, Awoke Mebrat, Kindye Ayen Tilaye, Lijalem Abebaw Elimnh, Mulugeta Awoke Mebrat


The objectives of the study were: (1) to quantify the determinant factors of adoption
probability, (2) to evaluate the intensity of modern beehive use, and (3) to identify the
major constraints of honey production using modern beehives in Wag Himra and North
Wollo zones, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Multi-stage sampling methods were employed.
268 rural beekeepers taken from adopters and non-adopters were interviewed this
study using the proportional random sampling method. Among the 268 bee-keepers, 97
(36.19%) were adopters while 171 (63.81%) were non-adopters. Descriptive analysis
and the econometric (double-hurdle) model were applied using SPSS-22 and STATA-
12, respectively. The first hurdle result revealed that age, number of livestock owned,
educational level, number of local hives beekeepers possessed, training provided, total
annual income of bee-keepers, credit service, distance to Woreda agricultural office,
extension service, and participation on off-farm activities were the main factors that
affected the probability of adoption decision. The second hurdle revealed that age,
number of local hives bee-keepers possessed, training provided, credit service, and
distance to Woreda agricultural office were the main factors that affected the intensive
use of modern beehives. Additionally, pests and predators, drought, and lack of bee
equipment and accessories ranked first, second and third major constraints of beekeeping,
respectively, which led to bee colonies absconding and honey yield declining.
Based on the findings, the authors recommend that the major factors in adoption
decision and intensive use of modern beehives should be considered by policymakers
and planners in setting their policies and strategies of honey production improvement