Assessment of Integrated Aquaculture Intervention System in Amhara Region, Ethiopia



Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Brehan Mohamed, Erkie Asmare, Haimanot Mulugeta


Although integrated aquaculture has the potential to contribute to food security,
it is still among the neglected sectors in Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. This
study was designed: (1) to assess the performance of existing integrated
aquaculture intervention and its contribution for farmers, (2) to evaluate the
current pond management practices, and (3) to identify major obstacles that
hinders integrated aquaculture practices. The data was collected from 11
purposively selected aquaculture potential districts of the region. The quantitative
and qualitative data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics supported by
exhaustive narrations. The study found that only 20.8% of the surveyed
aquaculture ponds were functionally good. From these ponds, 25% of the
aquaculture owners earned an average of 513.6 ETB per fish pond. However,
these aquaculture adopters start harvesting after three to four years of fish
stocking in irregular ways. Such irregularities in harvesting arises from farmers’
minimal knowledge on post-harvest processing and lack of fishing nets. In this
regard, 80.4% of the surveyed pond owners felt as they had not benefited from
aquaculture adoption compared to their expectations. Based on the level of inputs
used and degree of management, the current aquaculture practice in Amhara
region inclined towards extensive type. In conclusion, aquaculture development
remains at an infancy stage despite years of adoption in the region.