Determinants of Under-Five Child Mortality in Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State of Ethiopia

Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Kidist Demirew Getachew


Under-five Mortality (U5MR) in Benishangul-Gumuz is the highest among
Ethiopia’s regional states, next to the Afar region. The risk of a child dying
before completing five years of age in Benishangul-Gumuz region is 72.8 per
1000 live births. This paper aims to verify the main determinates, socioeconomic,
demographic and environment factors, of U5MR in Benishangul-Gumuz
Regional State using data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey
(2016). The method of analysis is descriptive and econometric employing Probit
model estimation. The result reveals that “Mother’s educational level”
“Preceding Birth Interval”, “Duration of breastfeeding”, “Income or wealth of
the household” and “Married Marital Status” have a negative and statistically
significant relationship on Under-five Mortality. The policy implications of the
results of the analysis emphasize that empowering women through education,
health and income provide very important instruments to reduce Under-five
Mortality in the region.