Impact Of Cash Cropping And Perennial Crops On Food Crop Production And Productivity.

Course ID
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Adane Tuffa Debela


The argument for promoting cash crops in developing countries has generally been based on their contribution to agricultural productivity, small farmer incomes and their impact on other household activities such as household crop production through interlinked markets. These have neglected the effects that cash cropping can have on these household activities through its impact on household liquidity for purchasing productive inputs and through maintaining soil fertility and moisture and the fact that they save inputs such as labor and draft power, which can be used for food crop production. In this study we build on previous studies by developing key hypotheses by which perennial cash crops affect food crop production and the implication for household food security. In addition, we look at the link between the two types of food crops, enset and other food crops. We empirically measure these effects using survey data on 150 rural households in 1999 in Ethiopia. Our results indicate that-after controlling for conventional inputs, household wealth variables, education and other variables-higher chat production is associated with reduced value of food crop yields and total food crop production. On the other hand, higher sugarcane production is correlated with higher value of total food grain production and higher value of grain yields. Moreover, more intensive coffee production is associated with more intensive enset production. However, production of coffee and enset do not have significant effects on food crop production and productivity. These results suggest that while farmers can gain from sugarcane production through cash income and its impact on food crops, coffee and enset can be produced to bring additional income to the household at no cost to food crops. However, the real impact of chat on the welfare of households should be viewed in terms of its opportunity cost and the functioning of markets.

Corporate Author: Getnet Alemu and Getachew Yoseph (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 978-9994-54-03-7
Primary Descriptors:

Cash crops, Food crops

Secondary Descriptor:

Productivity, Enset

Geographic Descriptors: Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: production – Cash crops
Call Number: 330.963 PRO 2007
Serial Key Title: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: International Conference
Content type: EEA Publication
Volume: II
Publication date: 2013-05-27 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 2013-02-27 00:00:00
PDF file:  Adane Tuffa_Impact of cash cropping and perennial crops on food crop production and productivity.pdf
Place of publication: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: Book
Current frequency: Annualy
Author: Adane Tuffa Debela

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