Property Rights and Their Implications on Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia

Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Temesgen Gebeyehu Baye


Property rights and relationships in Ethiopia, though complex and difficult to
define, had been associated with and expressed in terms of land, which had
shaped and dictated socio-politico-economic relations and processes. During
pre-revolutionary imperial Ethiopia, most debates and discussions on property
rights and obligations, including agricultural productivity and efficiency, were
expressed in relation to the main existing tenure regime of the country: the rist
tenure. This tenure, like most other indigenous tenure regimes and property
arrangements in Africa, was flexible and accommodating.
This historical study, based on archives, interviews and secondary sources,
examines the structure and nature of property rights and relationships. The data
collected through different methods was carefully examined in order to
reconstruct and document property rights and their implications for agricultural
productivity and efficiency in the country based on the objectives of the study.