Seasonality In Income, Expenditure And Food Deficiency : The Case Of Four Rural Villages In Ethiopia

Course ID
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Nigussie Tefera


Income of rural households in Ethiopian has seasonal pattern because they primarily rely on seasonal rain-fed agriculture. This paper explores the implication of income seasonality for household expenditure and daily calorie intakes. It used household- level data from four Ethiopian villages to document seasonal patterns in income, expenditure and calorie consumption, and to test whether income seasonality produces seasonal expenditure and calorie consumption variability. While the findings substantiate seasonal patterns in income and non-food expenditure, there is no well- built seasonal variation in food expenditure. However, mixed results were found in the case of daily calorie consumption. Although food expenditure doesn’t necessary tracks seasonal income, I found that at least 5% of households are in food shortage even during main harvesting seasons, January. It was more severe in the “usual” hunger season, July, where up to 70% of household had food shortage. Due to complete absence of credit market for consumption, rural household in Ethiopia are characterized by preserving output during main harvesting seasons and draw down during the entire year to smooth consumption. However, using net calorie retained for only consumption the paper has also shown that what they preserved is sufficient for a maximum of only nine months and hence households are in transitory food deficient for at least three months.

Corporate Author: Getnet Alemu and Getachew Yoseph (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 978-9994-54-03-7
Primary Descriptors:


Secondary Descriptor:

food deficiency

Geographic Descriptors: Ethiopia, Rural
Cataloge Date: 02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: Expenditure
Call Number: 330.963 PRO 2007
Serial Key Title: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: International Conference
Content type: EEA Publication
Volume: II
Publication date: 2013-05-27 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 2013-02-27 00:00:00
PDF file: Nigussie Tefera_Seasonality in income expenditure and food deficiency.pdf
Place of publication: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: Book
Current frequency: Annualy
Author: Nigussie Tefera

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