Socioeconomic Determinants of Infant and Child Mortality in Rural Ethiopia

Course ID
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Fitsum Zewdu Mulugeta

Infant and child mortality rates are used as summary indicators of social development, quality of life, overall health, maternal health and welfare. Childhood deaths are mainly caused by preventable and communicable diseases and poor coverage of health, especially in the case of underdeveloped countries. This implies the socioeconomic nature of the issue besides its intrinsic health nature. Ethiopian infant and child mortality rates stand at 111 and 161 deaths per 1000 live births respectively, which is higher even compared to other Sub-Saharan African countries with average rates of 97 and 141 for infant and child mortality respectively. The main purpose of this study is to identify the poverty dimension of the problem, by taking environmental, social and economic conditions as determinants, and provide policymakers with additional alternative policy options to tackle the problem and advance to meeting the millennium development goals. The data used for analysis is the 2004 version of the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey. Probit model is fitted to explain the event of death of a child before the age of five. Explanatory variables used include household income, household size, availability of sanitary facilities, access to clean water and education. The main finding of the study is that the non-food consumption expenditure (which was used as proxy for ability to pay for healthcare) and access to clean water to have significant depressing effect on chances of childhood mortality. Based on these finding the study indicates policy directions for effectively targeting the much needed reduction of infant and child mortality in Ethiopia.

Corporate Author:Getnet Alemun & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher:Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors:Child health, Child Mortality

Secondary Descriptor:Infant Socioeconomic

Geographic Descriptors:Ethiopia, Rural
Cataloge Date:02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading:Social sector development
Call Number:330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title:Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory:International Conference
Content type:EEA Publication
Publication date:2013-05-27 23:10:00
Forum or Discussion date:2013-02-27 15:09:20
Place of publication:Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material:Book
Current frequency:Annualy
Author: Fitsum Zewdu Mulugeta

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