Socioeconomic factors of early childhood mortality in Ethiopia: evidence from demographic and health survey

Course ID
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Fisum Zewdu


Childhood mortality rates are important summary indicators of social development, quality of life, overall health, maternal health and welfare. Childhood deaths are mainly caused by preventable and communicable diseases and poor coverage of health, especially in the case of underdeveloped countries. This implies the socioeconomic nature of the issue besides its intrinsic health nature. This study identifies the socioeconomic factors causing childhood mortality in Ethiopia based on the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2005. Identifying the important factors will help in policy formulation and intervention designing, should the country meet reduction of the infant and child mortality rates to the one set by the Millennium Development Goals. This study employs a probit model to identify these socioeconomic factors and finds maternal education, maternal age at first birth, age of the child and size of the household to significantly and negatively affect child mortality. On the other hand, twin births and male children are found to have a higher relative chance of dying before seeing their fifth birthday. Based on the findings, the study suggests some recommendation for designing intervention and policy formulations.

Corporate Author:Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute (EEA/EEPRI)
Publisher:Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute (EEA/EEPRI)
Primary Descriptors:Birth intervals; Mortality

Secondary Descriptor:Socioeconomic Factors; Infant Mortality; Child, Preschool

Geographic Descriptors:Ethiopia
Cataloge Date:03/02/2013
Broad Subject heading:Fertility, Human
Call Number:WPN 3/2010
Serial Key Title:EEA/EEPRI working paper
Publication catagory:Working paper
Content type:EEA Publication
Publication date:2013-03-02 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date:2013-03-02 00:00:00
PDF file: WP 3 2010_Fisum Zewdu_Socioeconomic factors of early childhood mortality in Ethiopia evidence from demographic and health survey.pdf
Place of publication:Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material:Periodical
Author: Fisum Zewdu

Upcoming Events


Call For Paper 18 International Conference

8:00 am - 8:00 amEEA Head Office

Ethiopian Journal of Economics

8:00 am - 5:00 pmEEA Head Office

Ethiopia’s Homegrown Economic Reform Agenda

8:00 am - 5:00 pmIntercontinental Hotel

Tenth Annual Conference

8:00 am - 5:00 pmHomeland hotel conference hall