The food security Role of Agriculture in Ethiopian: a household level analysis

Course ID
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Berhanu Adnew

Data from Ethiopia are used to analyze the food security role of Ethiopian agriculture. A low average daily food energy supply and wide prevalence of under-nourishment reveals that a significant share of the Ethiopian population live under conditions of chronic hunger. From the analysis of the historical consumption data it is shown that there is a high probability of national food consumption shortfall below a trend level. Land quality and rainfall are the major determinants of rural farm households’ income. The results strongly signify the importance of reducing land degradation, improving soil fertility. A move away from the rainfed agriculture and access to and use of water for irrigation is the only viable way out for the future Ethiopian agriculture and sustainable food security. The result of the analysis of income elasticity of food consumption shows that elasticity of food nutrient intake is relatively higher for rural than urban households implying that improved farm income would lead to a consumption of better quality food. To enhance the food security role of the agriculture certain interventions are imperative. These include improvement in policies and measures including land tenure security, enhanced functioning of market system, investment in infrastructure, incentive for producers through input delivery and price support, enabling farmers’ participation, aggressive actions on environmental rehabilitation, and use of water resources for irrigated agriculture

Corporate Author: Alemayehu Seyoum … [et al.] (editor)
Publisher: Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: Food Consumption

Secondary Descriptor: Land Policy; Land Tenure Security

Geographic Descriptors: Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: Food Security
Call Number: 330.963 PRO 2005
Serial Key Title: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: International Conference
Content type: EEA Publication
Volume: II
Publication date: 2013-05-27 23:05:00
Forum or Discussion date: 2013-02-27 14:55:45
Place of publication: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: Book
Current frequency: Annualy
Author: Berhanu Adnew